Full Mount

Diagram of Full Mount in Jiu-Jitsu

For the person on the bottom, this is position is the opposite the opposite of being in Full Guard.  The top person has a huge advantage in this position because they are able to avoid the protection normally offered by their opponent’s legs. There are a wide variety of transitions and submissions from this position. It is very difficult for the bottom person to transition into a better position.

What do you do in Full Mount?

Attacks and Details for Full Mount (for person in blue)

  1. Keep your hips down. The defender will be able to use any gaps that form between your hips and theirs to their advantage. New students often have trouble holding onto the mount position, and it is often because their hips are too high. When you get to Full Mount, focus on driving your hips down towards the mat. If you can wrap your legs so that they are hooked under the defender’s as shown in the image above, you can generate much more leverage.
  2. Keep your arms free. The easiest escape from this position is the “bridge-and-roll” escape which requires the defender to control the arm and leg on one side of your body. When it is controlled, they can push you to that side and you won’t be able to stop yourself from being rolled over. A good rule of thumb is to lever let your hands travel below the defender’s armpits. If your hands stay at their shoulder or above, you will have the opportunity to prevent the “bridge-and-roll” escape.
  3. Stay active. The defender will have to work very hard to escape mount. You have the advantage of gravity and the freedom to move and make adjustments very quickly if you need to. The defender will have to make sacrifices to their defense in order to generate the space needed to escape, and if you are playing an active game then you can use these sacrifices to get easy submissions. Mount isn’t about holding the opponent down, it is about controlling the opponent and their movement. If the defender sits still, you can begin working on setting up a variety of chokes, Armbars, or the Americana. The defender will have to move to defend these, and that movement creates opportunity. If you’re sitting still, you’re losing the advantage.

Defending and Escaping Full Mount (for person in white)

  1. Stay tight. You’re in a bad spot here, but panic will only make it worse. The worst thing you can do here is to try to push the opponent off of you. The two most common submissions from this position are chokes and armbars, and both are a result of your hands and arms being too far away from your body. Ideally, you should have your elbows tight against your body and your hands near your neck to defend chokes.
  2. Don’t be flat on your back. To escape this position, you have to have mobility. You will not be able to move if your back and hips are flat on the mat. Try to stay slightly on your side so that one shoulder and hip are off the mat. Don’t turn too far to your side or you will give them an opportunity to get to Back Mount. Turn just enough so that you can move when you have the opportunity.
  3. Keep your legs active. It may not seem like it, but you will need active legs in order to escape this position. If your legs are flat on the mat, you will never have the ability to escape this position. Keep at least one heel on the mat at all times. This will allow you to bridge your body up, roll from side to side, and shrimp your hips away from the opponent if you get the opportunity. Even though you don’t have a lot of freedom with your legs in this position, you can still use them to make the attacker’s job more difficult. For example, you can bump them up with your thigh to shift their weight forward when they aren’t expecting it, disrupting their balance and offering you an opportunity to move.

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